BRUSSELS — The European Union has unveiled a new batch of projects under its fledgling Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) defense pact.

There will be 17 new projects in addition to the initial 17 agreed almost a year ago. The new activities cover areas such as training, capability development and operational readiness on land, at sea and in the air, as well as cyber-defense.

PESCO enables EU member states to cooperate more closely in the area of security and defense. It allows willing and able member states to jointly develop capabilities, invest in shared projects and enhance the operational readiness of their armed forces.

The Cyber Threats and Incident Response Information Sharing Platform, one of the 17 new projects formally announced on Monday, will develop more active cyber-defense measures, potentially moving from traditional firewalls to more active measures.

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