What is Quantum Computing?
The 1965 Nobel prize in physics was awarded jointly to Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, and Richard Feynman. Their work in ‘quantum electrodynamics’ was an important scientific contribution the world, but, still to this day, their research describes phenomena that are strange and counter-intuitive to the ways in which we understand the world. Those phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, make up the basis of quantum computing. Computers that perform quantum computations using these phenomena are known as ‘quantum computers.’